【solved】Characteristics of cervical vertebrae – How.co

Which of the following are unique characteristics of a cervical vertebra?

There are seven cervical vertebrae in the human body. They have three main distinguishing features: Bifid spinous process – the spinous process bifurcates at its distal end. Exceptions to this are C1 (no spinous process) and C7 (spinous process is longer than that of C2-C6 and may not bifurcate).

How do you identify cervical vertebrae?

In humans, cervical vertebrae are the smallest of the true vertebrae and can be readily distinguished from those of the thoracic or lumbar regions by the presence of a foramen (hole) in each transverse process, through which the vertebral artery, vertebral veins, and inferior cervical ganglion pass.

What are the characteristics of vertebrae?

A typical vertebra consists of a body and a vertebral arch. The arch is formed by the paired pedicles and paired laminae. Arising from the vertebral arch are the transverse, spinous, superior articular, and inferior articular processes. The vertebral foramen provides for passage of the spinal cord.

What features separate the cervical vertebrae from others?

The atlas and axis have additional features that mark them apart from the other cervical vertebrae. The atlas is the first cervical vertebra and articulates with the occiput of the head and the axis (C2). It differs from the other cervical vertebrae in that it has no vertebral body and no spinous process.

What is the function of cervical vertebrae?

The vertebrae that make up the cervical spine are the smallest seven within the spinal column. These bones give the neck structure, support the skull, and protect the spinal cord, among other functions.

What does each cervical vertebrae control?

Cervical nerves provide control and sensation to different parts of the body based on the spinal level from where they branch out. More specifically: C1, C2, and C3 (the first three cervical nerves) control the head and neck, including movements forward, backward, and to the sides.

What are symptoms of nerve damage in neck?

What is the name and function of the second cervical vertebra?

In anatomy, the axis (from Latin axis, “axle”) or epistropheus, is the second cervical vertebra (C2) of the spine, immediately posterior to the atlas, upon which the head rests. The axis’ defining feature is its strong odontoid process (bony protrusion) known as the dens, which rises dorsally from the rest of the bone.

What nerves are affected by C5 C6 C7?

From the lateral cord, C5, C6, and C7 supply the pectoralis major and minor muscles, via the lateral and medial pectoral nerves, as well as the coracobrachialis, brachialis and biceps brachii, via the musculocutaneous nerve. The musculocutaneous nerve provides sensation to the skin of the lateral forearm.

Why are there 8 cervical spinal nerves but only 7 cervical vertebrae?

Because there are only seven cervical vertebrae, the first seven cervical nerves exit above the same numbered cervical vertebrae. The eighth cervical nerve exits above the T1 vertebrae, and the rest of the spinal nerves (T2 to L5) exit below their same numbered vertebrae.

What does C4 C5-C6 control?

The C4 dermatome covers parts of the neck, shoulders, and upper part of arms. The C6 dermatome covers the thumb side of the hand and forearm. 2. See All About the C5C6 Spinal Motion Segment. C7 helps control the triceps (the large muscle on the back of the arm that straightens the elbow) and wrist extensor muscles.

What are the symptoms of a herniated disc in the neck C5-C6?

C5C6 (C6 nerve root): Pain, tingling, and/or numbness may be felt in the thumb side of the hand. Weakness may also be experienced in the biceps (muscles in the front of the upper arms) and wrist extensor muscles in the forearms. The C5C6 disc is one of the most common to herniate.

What does bulging disc in neck feel like?

If your herniated disk is in your neck, you’ll typically feel the most pain in your shoulder and arm. This pain might shoot into your arm or leg when you cough, sneeze or move into certain positions. Pain is often described as sharp or burning. Numbness or tingling.

What are the symptoms of bulging disc in neck?

If you have a herniated cervical disc, you may feel pain that radiates down your arm and possibly into your hand. You may also feel pain on or near your shoulder blade, and neck pain when turning your head or bending your neck. Sometimes you may have muscle spasms (meaning the muscles tighten uncontrollably).

Is a bulging disc in neck serious?

A bulging disc in your neck may be relatively painless. Or it can cause severe pain in your neck, as well as your shoulders, chest, and arms. It may also cause numbness or weakness in your arms or fingers. Sometimes, this pain and numbness may even cause you to think that you’re having a heart attack.

Can you fix a bulging disc in neck without surgery?

Herniated discs are a common cause of pain and disability. A conservative (non-surgical) treatment is preferred since pain often improves without surgery. A pain specialist can offer you several conservative treatments such as epidural injections or nerve blocks, that ease neck and arm pain, while allowing you to heal.

How do they fix a bulging disc in the neck?

ACDF surgery is the most common method among spine surgeons for treating a cervical herniated disc. In this surgery, the disc is removed through a small one-inch incision in the front of the neck. After removing the disc, the disc space itself is set up for the adjacent vertebrae to eventually grow together and fuse.

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